Ahead of the 29th anniversary of the Independence of the Republic of Moldova, IPN collects the thoughts of those who have something to say about these years, about the country about society. Here are the thoughts of the historian Mariana Taranu, after 29 years of Independence:
“The Republic of Moldova as successor of Soviet Moldavia had, and still follows precisely the route designed and build by the Kremlin authorities. From the first moments of the national liberation movement – which was a sincere and natural reaction of the population – at the front of it were inter-faced people shaped, checked and trained by the Soviet security school, who were empowered with the functions of controlling and directing the masses, remaining in the Russian sphere of influence. I repeat, the desire for freedom was a sincere and natural one,” notes Mariana Taranu.
The proclamation of independence from the USSR on August,27, 1991, was a natural and logical action in the flow of events. All the Soviet Republics proclaimed independence, and the gesture of the authorities of Chisinau was similar, in that context.
“At the helm of the new independent state have been appointed/elected the same staff formed in Moscow. Moreover, the second echelon of the Communist Party was imposed. The lack of vision and the dependence of these politicians from Moscow is maintained till this day, as proof is that so far the Republic of Moldova has two centres of power: one in Chisinau and another in Moscow,” says the historian.
In her view, history proved, that one of the fundamental elements of any state is the creation and promotion of a national idea, an idea that would be accepted and followed by the entire population of the state. However, in Moldova the political class has done its best to make the population more and more divided: either on the basis of the confessional criterion: the existence of Orthodox churches under the jurisdiction of the Moscow Patriarchate and the Orthodox church under the canonical jurisdiction of the Romanian Orthodox Church; linguistic and ethnic (Moldovan vs Romanian), the existence of an enclave in the eastern districts of the Republic of Moldova, the slow creation of the second – in compact areas inhabited by the Gagauz.
Mariana Taranu says that it is necessary to unify society and she believes that this is possible. Once other states have succeeded, it means it's possible. The unification of society by promoting a national idea depends from the maturity of the political class.
“In 29 years of independence, the population of Moldova has not had a political class representing its interests – this is the greatest tragedy. Acceptance on party lists of young people educated in states with a genuine democracy, but who know the realities of Moldovan society, I think it would be a solution. Such young people exist, obviously they exist. The question is another, are there political parties in the Republic of Moldova that accept them? I believe that, for now, they do not exist,” says Mariana Taranu.
The historian believes that on the 29-th anniversary of the proclamation of independence of the Republic of Moldova, some official events will probably be held – as far as the situation allows: a concert will be broadcast on the public television channel, some political leaders will congratulate people, betting on political dividends. “As for the people, then I am convinced that there will be a basis for meditation on the chances lost, because of the random and mediocre politicians who led and ruled the Republic of Moldova,” said Mariana Taranu.
Mariana Taranu is originally from Cimiseni village, Criuleni district. She was graduated from the Faculty of History and Ethnopedology of the State Pedagogical University "Ion Creanga". In 2005 she presented the doctoral thesis in historical sciences on the State policy on intellectuals in Soviet Russia (1917-1922). She published more than 30 studies and scientific articles, addressing in particular the themes related to the state's policy towards intellectuality in the early years of Soviet power, as well as the policy of terror of the Soviet state on the Romanian territory of Eastern Prut Moldova during the first year of Soviet occupation (1940-1941).