Women annually lose 9,620 lei on average owing to occupational inequality, Alexei Buzu, executive director of the Partnership for Development Center, said during the presentation of the study “Principle of equal pay for equal work”, IPN reports.
The study analyzes the legislation of the Republic of Moldova as regards remuneration of women, especially at industrial companies, where these account for 60% of the total number of employees.
The study says that even if the principle ‘equal pay for equal work’ or ‘equal pay for work of equal value for men and women’ used in the EU was accepted by Moldova over a decade ago, this is not provided in all the documents that regulate labor. For example, this principle cannot be found in the Law on Remuneration and the Law on Pay Grades in the Budgetary Sector or in the collective conventions on individual work contracts and in sector collective conventions.
“In 2016, there will be approved a new National Gender Equality Program and a new Employment Strategy. We consider we should not only plan actions to reduce the gender pay gap, which is of 13%, but to also identify concrete solutions for better implementing these actions, taking into account the realties in the Republic of Moldova, and to ultimately remove discrimination,” said Alexei Buzu.
The study ascertains that the highest salaries in a number of sectors of the national economy, such as the financial sector or the IT sector, do not solve the problem of discrimination. The annual difference between the pays of women and men in the financial sector is of 35,000 lei, while in the IT companies – 46,000 lei.
Among the recommendations formulated in the study by authors Iustina Ionescu and Sorina Macrinici is the reporting by employers of the difference in the average salaries between women and men for each type of post or profession. The representatives of employees and trade unions will also be informed about this difference. It is suggested introducing gender-neutral pay systems and promoting the analytical system of post and profession classification.
Other recommendations refer to the methods of solving conflicts concerning gender discrimination, including that these conflicts should be solved by mediation by the Nondiscrimination Council. The victims of discrimination could also file complaints to the People’s Ombudsman. It is suggested amending the legislation so as to allow submitting discrimination-related complaints to court and not only by employers, but also by trade unions and human rights NGOs.
The study was carried out by the Partnership for Development Center with the financial support of Soros Foundation Moldova and the OSCE Mission to Moldova.