President is not obliged to dissolve Parliament if Premier is not elected, expert

If the Government is not installed as a result of two attempts, within 45 days, the head of state can dissolve Parliament, bur is not obliged by the Constitution to do it. Law expert Nicolae Osmochescu has told IPN that there is a thorny phrase of ‘reasonable timeframe’ that is interpreted differently by the politicians.

Vlad Filat, the candidate for premiership designated on April 10, must render his government program in Parliament within 15 days of the day he was proposed. If the first round of voting fails and the MPs do not give a vote of confidence to the Government, the head of state can field another candidate or the same candidate for the second round. Everything must happen within 45 days of the first designation, which is by May 25. If the Premier is not voted in by the second attempt, the head of state can dissolve Parliament within a reasonable timeframe.

“The state cannot function normally with a dismissed Cabinet. Sooner or later, the legislature must be dissolved, if the Premier is not given a vote of confidence,” stated Nicolae Osmochescu. According to him, if the executive is not installed, the early elections may take place in autumn. “After Parliament is dissolved and early elections are called, the Election Code starts to be applied. It has its own terms – two months for the election campaign. Thus, the elections may be held in September or October,” said the expert.

Speaker Marian Lupu confirmed that April 25 is the last day by which the Prime Minister designate must present his government program and the nominal composition of the Cabinet in Parliament.

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