Some categories of civil lawsuits whose value is smaller than 50,000 lei without interest, penalties and costs could be examined and solved by a written procedure. This is provided in a bill to amend the Civil Procedure Code that was submitted to the Government by the Ministry of Justice. The authors of the initiative argue there is a very large number of civil cases that burden the courts and affect the quality and length of case examination, excessively consuming the state resources, IPN reports, with reference to the Ministry of Justice.
The changes are aimed at overcoming the difficulties that appear when examining civil lawsuits by improving preparation of the issue for debate and introducing simplified and emergency procedures for civil cases with reduced value. The amendments were also proposed with the aim of adjusting the national legislation to the requirements of the European Convention and case law of the ECHR.
The bill authors suggest modernizing the legal summoning rules and rules of communicating procedural acts, including the classical methods used at present. The electronic summoning, by email, which is already used in some of the law systems, can enable to save time, money and human resources involved in the process.
Also, the lawsuits, appeals and different applications could be filed through the Integrated Case Management System with the advanced qualified digital signature.
“The major goal is to improve the quality of justice by the projected effects of the simplified procedural forms, clarification of ways of appeal and by making the participants in a trial more responsible. These changes will have a direct impact and will ensure facilitated access to justice for people,” said Minister of Justice Vladimir Cebotari.